Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Pirates, Privateers, Buccaneers, and Corsairs

Privateers, Privateers, Buccaneers, and Corsairs Privateer, privateer, corsair, pirate: All of these words can allude to an individual who takes part in high-oceans burglary, yet whats the distinction? Heres a helpful reference manual for clear things up. Privateers Privateers are people who assault ships or waterfront towns trying to loot them or catch detainees for emancipate. Basically, they are criminals with a vessel. Privateers don't segregate with regards to their casualties. Any nationality is reasonable game. They don't have the (unmistakable) backing of any authentic country and by and large are bans any place they go. Due to the idea of their exchange, privateers will in general use viciousness and terrorizing more than standard criminals. Disregard the sentimental privateers of the motion pictures: privateers were (and are) heartless people headed to robbery by need. Celebrated chronicled privateers incorporate Blackbeard, Black Bart Roberts, Anne Bonny, and Mary Read. Privateers Privateers were men and ships in the semi-utilize of a country which was at war. Privateers were private boats urged to assault foe ships, ports and interests. They had the official approval and assurance of the supporting country and needed to share a bit of the loot. One of the most popular privateers was Captain Henry Morgan, who battled for England against Spain during the 1660s and 1670s. With a privateering commission, Morgan sacked a few Spanish towns, including Portobello and Panama City. He imparted his loot to England and experienced his days in respect in Port Royal. A privateer like Morgan could never have assaulted ships or ports having a place with another country other than the one on his bonus and could never have assaulted any English interests under any conditions. This is essentially what separates privateers from privateers. Marauders The Buccaneers were a particular gathering of privateers and privateers who were dynamic in the late 1600s. The word originates from the French boucan, which was smoked meat made by trackers on Hispaniola out of the wild pigs and steers there. These men set up a business of offering their smoked meat to passing shipsâ but before long understood that there was more cash to be made in robbery. They were rough, extreme men who could endure hard conditions and fire well with their rifles, and they before long got skilled at waylaying passing boats. They turned out to be significantly popular for French and English privateer ships, at that point battling the Spanish. Marauders by and large assaulted towns from the ocean and seldom occupied with untamed water theft. A considerable lot of the men who battled close by Captain Henry Morgan were pirates. By 1700 or so their lifestyle was ceasing to exist and after a short time they were gone as a socio-ethnic gathering. Corsairs Corsair is a word in English applied to remote privateers, by and large either Muslim or French. The Barbary privateers, Muslims who threatened the Mediterranean from the fourteenth until the nineteenth hundreds of years, were regularly alluded to as corsairs since they didn't assault Muslim boats and frequently sold detainees into subjection. During the Golden Age of Piracy, French privateers were alluded to as corsairs. It was an extremely negative term in English at that point. In 1668, Henry Morgan was profoundly annoyed when a Spanish authority considered him a corsair (obviously, he had recently sacked the city of Portobello and was requesting a payment for not setting it ablaze, so perhaps the Spanish were outraged, as well). Sources: Cawthorne, Nigel. A History of Pirates: Blood and Thunder on the High Seas. Edison: Chartwell Books, 2005.Cordingly, David. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 1996Defoe, Daniel. (Skipper Charles Johnson) A General History of the Pyrates. Altered by Manuel Schonhorn. Mineola: Dover Publications, 1972/1999.Earle, Peter. New York: St. Martins Press, 1981.Konstam, Angus. The World Atlas of Pirates. Guilford: the Lyons Press, 2009

Saturday, August 22, 2020

What is the role of the British Museum in the history of modern Essay

What is the job of the British Museum throughout the entire existence of current figure in Britain - Essay Example Its assortment of incredible craftsmanship and ancient pieces has been gathered from around the world and is a superb depiction of the considerable number of mainlands. This assortment archives and delineates in extraordinary detail the tale of human culture from the earliest starting point till the current day, including 2 million years of mankind's history (British Museum, n.d.). The British Museum’s foundation depended on the conviction that an assortment dependent on mankind's history ought to be available to the overall population for nothing. Another thought behind the Museum was that the diverse human societies can see each other through common commitment paying little heed to any contrasts between them. The reason behind the Museum was to have a spot where human culturally diverse examination could occur (British Museum, n.d.). ... The primary theme that Moore took a shot at included fallen warriors, the mother-and-kid and family bunches just as most the leaning back human figure (Mark Barrow Fine Art, 2005). After much analysis of his initial work, Henry Moore at long last got the International Prize for Sculpture which helped his overall notoriety to increment and develop. Moore likewise turned out to be notable for his representations which portrayed individuals of London protecting underground during the Second World War. His portrayals of working excavators likewise increased a ton of ubiquity (Mark Barrow Fine Art, 2005). It was in 1921, when Henry Moore was going to the Royal College of Art in London, that the youthful craftsman started visiting the British Museum (Phelan, 2001). In his own words ‘the Museum was a disclosure to me. I went at any rate two times per week for a few hours and some room got my eagerness. The brilliant thing about the British Museum is that everything is loosened up befo re you and you are allowed to make your own discoveries’ (Finn, 1981) Moore worked his way through the diverse numerous branches of the British Museum. The exhibitions lodging the Antiquities of Africa, Asia, Egypt, Greece, Prehistoric and Roman-Britain, Rome and the Orient were an incredible most loved of the craftsman. In the hour of Moore, the Ethnographic Galleries which housed the curios of Oceania was likewise situated inside the British Museum (Phelan, 2001). As a wannabe pioneer stone worker, Moore had consistently been a fanatic of Roger Fry's ‘Vision and Design,, an assortment of expositions. This book is viewed as the most noticeable and noteworthy masterpiece analysis that was written in England

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

4 Triggers to Be Aware of When You Quit Smoking

4 Triggers to Be Aware of When You Quit Smoking Addiction Nicotine Use Nicotine Withdrawal Print 4 Triggers to Be Aware of When You Quit Smoking By Terry Martin facebook twitter Terry Martin quit smoking after 26 years and is now an advocate for those seeking freedom from nicotine addiction. Learn about our editorial policy Terry Martin Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Sanja Jelic, MD on January 20, 2020 Sanja Jelic, MD, is board-certified in sleep medicine, critical care medicine, pulmonary disease, and internal medicine.   Learn about our Medical Review Board Sanja Jelic, MD on January 20, 2020 valentinrussanov/Getty Images More in Addiction Nicotine Use Nicotine Withdrawal After You Quit How to Quit Smoking Smoking-Related Diseases The Inside of Cigarettes Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Coping and Recovery As of Dec. 20, 2019, the new legal age limit is 21 years old for purchasing cigarettes, cigars, or any other tobacco products in the U.S. Quitting tobacco is a process. It doesnt happen overnight, but compared to the amount of time most of us spent smoking, recovery from nicotine addiction is relatively short. Successful recovery involves learning how to identify the urge to smoke and the trigger behind it, and how to respond with better choices, such as a nap, a meal, or exercise, for instance. The Association Between Activities, Emotions, and Smoking Years of smoking have taught us to react to literally everything  by lighting a cigarette. When we were happy, wed celebrate by lighting up. When we got angry, smoking would calm us downâ€"or so we thought. Tired? Smoke a cigarette to stay awake. Hungry? Feed yourself a smoke. This list goes on and on. Between the physical addiction to nicotine and the mental associations that tie what seems like all of our activities to cigarettes, it can feel as though were chained to smoking with links of steel. Have patience with yourself. This skill of being aware of our behaviors and associations takes some time to develop, and you will get better at it. Eventually, cigarettes will fade as a fix for physical and emotional needs, and youll make choices that actually address the signal your body is sending without thinking twice about it. When the Urge to Smoke Hits, Think H.A.L.T. H.A.L.T. (which stands for Hungry, Angry, Lonely, Tired) is a powerful checklist to help you decode the urges to smoke that you experience. Nine times out of 10, a craving can be traced to one of these four states. Hungry ?Have a snack or a meal. If you are hungry, food is the answer, not a cigarette. If youre concerned about weight gain, try drinking water before you eat a snack to help control the amount you eat. Keep healthy snacks on hand. Celery sticks, raw baby carrots, and frozen grapes make good low-calorie snacks. Metabolism does slow a bit initially, so some daily exercise is a good idea. Things will balance out, and that quit-related weight will drop off within a couple of months as long as youre eating the same as you were before you stopped smoking. Dont be too hard on yourself. Try to eat in moderation, but until you get your quit program under solid control, dont fret if you gain a few pounds. It is normal to gain five to eight pounds while you are quitting smoking. Quitting tobacco must be your top priority for as long as it takes. Weight can always be lost later. Angry Anger is a big trigger for most of us. Find healthy outlets for your feelings of frustration. If at all possible, deal head-on with the situation that is bothering you and be done with it. Talk to friends and family about your feelings or write in your journal. The important thing is not to let anger simmer and get the upper hand. Reaching for a cigarette can seem like a quick fix, but it is a false fix. We cant always choose the events that happen around us, but we do have control over how external situations affect us emotionally. Come up with a few ideas of things you can do to help you shift negative energy that bubbles up before it has the chance to do any damage. That way, when a situation arises, youre prepared. It will help you maintain control and get through it without smoking. Remind yourself that no one has the power to affect your emotions without your approval. You control your inner environment. Take responsibility for how you feel, and it will empower you to control difficult emotions smoke-free. Lonely For most ex-smokers, loneliness may actually be boredom. Smoking was such a regular activity that now without it, we suddenly have time to fill. Early on in cessation, distraction is a useful tool that can help you manage feelings of boredom. Get out for a walk, watch a movie, or work on a hobby. Come up with a list of activities you enjoy and do some of them. Make them fun to help you over the hump of this type of smoking trigger. Depression also falls into this category. People quitting tobacco are especially susceptible to the blues, at least early on. Smoking wasnt just an activity, it was also like a companion who was always there. Leaving cigarettes behind can feel like the loss of a friend, albeit a destructive, life-stealing friend. After years of smoking, most of us feel the loss of smoking in this way to some extent. Its ok to mourn the death of your smoking habit, but dont glorify it as something it was not. It was out to kill youâ€"remember that. If you feel yourself slipping into a funk, take action. Change your environmentâ€"be it internal, external or bothâ€"and it will help you change your attitude. Tired Fatigue can be a big trigger for those who have recently quit smoking. Instead of lighting up when youre tired, give yourself permission to slow down and relax, take a nap, or go to bed early if you need to. It sounds so simple, yet people often push themselves too far with all of the demands of life these days. Dont let yourself get run down. When youre tired, your resolve weakens, and youre more susceptible to junkie thinking, the urge to smoke and the threat of relapse. Protect your quit by protecting your health, both physically and mentally. Commitment and Patience Are Key It may feel like youll never be free of cigarettes and thoughts of smoking will always plague you, but have faith in yourself and the processâ€"it works. We taught ourselves to smoke, and we can teach ourselves to live comfortably without smokes, too. Be committed, but also please be patient with yourself. Soon enough, youll get to a place where smoking cessation is no longer a daily effort and the urge to smoke fades. You may even wonder why you didnt quit sooner because life without cigarettes has become natural and easy. In the meantime, keep H.A.L.T. in your arsenal of quit tools and use it to decipher those urges as they come, one by one. 10 Ways to Overcome Cigarette Cravings in 5 Minutes

Sunday, May 24, 2020

All About Religion and Spirituality - 1594 Words

Question 1- What is Religion? Before deciding on the definition, I considered religion as being an â€Å"organised system of beliefs, ceremonies and rules to worship a god or a higher being†. The only phrase that I agreed with was the fact of religion being an â€Å"organised system† mainly because of the fact that there is a set way of practising the religion by, for example, praying and attending mass. In contradiction, the rest of the definition makes it seem as if religion is straight-forward on a community basis, in contrast to a personal one. Use of â€Å"a god or a higher being† contradicts the idea of polytheism, associated with religions such as Buddhism and Hinduism (, 2014). As a result, I believe that the best definition of religion is â€Å"a set of guidelines that defines who you are, whether or not you worship a god or gods. Religion varies from person to person and is based on personal faith and it is also greater than its followers and allows individuals to explore the true meaning of life† (Nguyen and Ibaviosa et al., 2014) The reason I chose this definition is due to the fact that it is a collaborative definition that has been compiled by utilising elements of other definitions about the word. This means that various perspectives of the meaning of religion have been taken into consideration, which therefore means that people are more likely to accept it. However, another reason that this definition stands out in particular is the â€Å"greater than its followers†Show MoreRelatedThe Theory Of Religion And Spirituality1481 Words   |  6 PagesA Gallup poll indicated that religion is a â€Å"very important† part of the lives of approximately 67% of the American public, of whom 96% believe in God and 42% attend religious services regularly (Powell, Shahabi, Thoresen, 2003). People join religious institutions and follow spiritual paths for a variety of reasons, such as faith, prayer, social support, cultural traditions, commitment to the community, and more. The role of religion in peopleâ €™s lives is dramatic and research on the topic has mirroredRead MoreThe Spiritual Revolution in America810 Words   |  4 Pagestheir belief that they do not need to be affiliated with an organized religion in order to live a faithful and fulfilling life. As life becomes more frenzied and chaotic, people assert that they do not have the time to engage in organized religious activity and turn to a different alternative, one that can be less limiting and narrow minded. While spirituality means something different to everyone, at its core, spirituality provides our lives with context. It arrises from the connection one hasRead MoreWhat Is Spirituality Or Religion?1265 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is spirituality? And is it only related to religion? It is hard to answer these questions as there are a lot of definitions of spirituality and what is it related to. For some people, spirituality has no meaning outside the circle of the religion. On the other hand, some people say t hat spirituality can exist inside the religion and also outside the religion. People should stop relating spirituality to only religion. Instead, people should know the true meaning of spirituality outsideRead MoreReligion is a institution that is or is not fixed and can exist independently from a constituents800 Words   |  4 PagesReligion is a institution that is or is not fixed and can exist independently from a constituents or members. Those constituents get involved by attending its services, volunteering in projects, and serving in its administrative offices. Religions can have a very small and very large memberships, because they do not depend on the members in order to be considered a religion. Religious institutions teach basic beliefs and practices, and expect all members to abide by their institutional guidelines(LundskowRead MoreReligion : Religion And Religion1747 Words   |  7 PagesProfessor Jensen Religion Studies 102 Meaning of Life: Religion Throughout human history, religion is now and always has been the main topic of discussion. In my paper, I will discuss reasons why it is important to study religion and how it was constituted. Religion is what makes us who we are today. Therefore, there are many reasons to study religion. Religion has shown itself as being able to unite people and to divide them since everyone has his or her own beliefs. The study of religion is not onlyRead MoreEthical Issues for the Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy1308 Words   |  5 Pagesfor the Integration of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy Abstract Religion plays an important role in the lives of many people, and in such cases, religious principles and beliefs influence all aspects of their lives. With the increasing interest in spirituality in the community, the intersection of psychological services, religion and spirituality is likely to be a growth area in psychology (Plante, 2007). However, working with clients around religion and spirituality issues does presentRead MoreNeo-Paganism Versus New Age Spirituality Essay942 Words   |  4 PagesNeo-Paganism and New Age Spirituality have very different rules factors. Neo-Paganism, as defined by the Encyclopà ¦dia Britannica, is an umbrella term for several spiritual movements that attempt to restore the â€Å"authentic pantheons and rituals† of the ancient polytheistic religions of Europe and the Middle East.(Neo-Paganism) These forms of â€Å"nature-oriented spirituality† are typically pre-Christian and primarily originate in Europe. (Fisher 478) ReligiousTolle sheds some light on how peopleRead MoreEthics And Standards For Professional Psychology1264 Words   |  6 PagesLenz May 4, 2015 This paper addresses the complexity of spirituality and religion in a therapeutic setting. This paper includes examples and information regarding upholding the Ethics Code while using religion and spiritual reasoning in psychology. It addresses the issues of a multi-faith setting, information and research on omitting religion and spirituality as well as the importance of maintaining a bias view of any and all religious and spiritual values. This paper also identifies the benefitsRead MoreHow Spirituality Is A Central Theme And A Driving Force905 Words   |  4 Pagesestablished author, his art has been and continues to be honored all over the world. Countless reviews have been done on his works in an effort to fully understand his genius. Scholars contest a strong spiritual and religious motif in Tagore’s writings, but disagree on the nature of the motif. Differing perspectives include poetry as religion, practicing religion by simply being human, The three scholars this paper focuses on agree that spirituality is a central theme and a driving force in Tagore’s poetryRead MoreRelationship Between Religion And Spirituality1536 Words   |  7 PagesBibliography -1 Data from the American Medical Association Physician Master file was used to examine the ways in which psychiatrists’ and other physicians observe, and interpret the relationship between religion and spirituality and in clinical approaches. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, the authors examined the comparison of psychiatrists to other physicians to evaluate different religious and demographic characteristics. This study was conducted in the form of surveys in which

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

A Pestel Analysis of a Clothes Manufacturers and Suppliers

Business Environment Assignment The PESTEL analysis shown in the appendix portrays some of the issues in the external environment that a firm manufacturing and supplying luxury men’s clothing may experience. In all six sections; political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal there are issues that the firm would face. However, some have more significance to others. Although political, technological and environmental factors would have a big affect on the firm, when looking at the three most important issues facing the firm; social, economic and legal come out on top. Firstly, social factors play a massive part in the external environment of the firm. For-fronting the part it plays could be, as brought up in the PESTEL†¦show more content†¦The firm supplying luxury goods are usually going to be more susceptible to a fall in demand when there is a fall in income. This is because luxury goods are more income elastic. Consumers will be more willing to give up spending on these kinds of goods than say essentials such as toilet paper and drinks. This is an issue to the manufacturer so they will have to hope on considerations such as brand loyalty and correct marketing to push up demand. They may also need to drop their profit margin on clothing to help generate more sales. In this economic downturn there has been a big depreciation in the pound sterling. This has made exports more attractive (however, fall in value of pound means its not exactly positive) and importing more expensive. With the firm mainly supplying the UK market with some operations abroad it will be affected by this. If raw materials are being imported into the UK for use in production then the firm will be paying a higher unit price for these. This of course will add to the running costs of the business. Also the few countries they firm supplies they will be receiving a lower price for the goods losing out on the bad exchange rate, which has been at its worse for a decade. Both of these are an obvious issue to the firm but are out of their control, so it is just a case of sitting and waiting for the economy to be boosted again. One way the government may try to help the economy recover again is through aShow MoreRelatedHM Analysis1227 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction In this report, an inside look will be taken on Hennes Mauritz AB (HM). We will analyse on it using PESTEL, Porter’s Five Forces and SWOT to get a clear concept of what HM is today and where it can go. This positioning will be helpful in strategy designing. Company activities HM was established in Và ¤sterà ¥s, Sweden in 1947 by Erling Persson. We now sell clothes and cosmetics in around 2.200 stores around the world. * HM offers fashion and quality at the best price Read MoreInvestigating The Shoes Sector For Both Men And Women1267 Words   |  6 PagesII - OBJECTIVE 2: To investigate the shoes sector for both men and women and examine the nature of the local competition: PESTEL ANALYSIS PESTEL ANALYSIS Figure x: PESTEL Analysis 1. Commentary on the PESTEL analysis. This external study highlights many threats and opportunities for small businesses. The main trends surrounding the shoe sector are dealing with the techniques to implement digital tools in order to enhance shopping experiences. a. Main Opportunities: Social media platforms couldRead MoreThe Supply Chain Management And Logistics Of Fashion Retailer Essay2114 Words   |  9 Pagesbiggest apparel retailer. The Inditex group owns more than 100 textile companies. Zara is the flagship brand of Inditex, captivating maximum sales (Gallaugher, 2008). PESTEL Analysis of Zara PESTEL analysis and Five Forces Model analysis made to determine internal and external environment and its competitive advantage. Detailed analysis has revealed tough competition with Zara and its main contenders are Gap, Benetton, and HM battling for market stake. In 2008, Inditex paved its way to reach the topRead MoreThe Supply Chain Management And Logistics Of Fashion Retailer2264 Words   |  10 Pagesbiggest apparel retailer. The Inditex group owns more than 100 textile companies. Zara is the flagship brand of Inditex, captivating maximum sales (Gallaugher, 2008). PESTEL Analysis of Zara PESTEL analysis and Five Forces Model analysis made to determine internal and external environment and its competitive advantage. Detailed analysis has revealed tough competition with Zara and its main contenders are Gap, Benetton, and HM battling for market stake. In 2008, Inditex paved its way to reach the topRead MoreLego a Brand Case Study1364 Words   |  6 PagesOlder Lego customers can collect Lego Technic or investigate Lego Mindstorms, a revolutionary new microchip based system. Losing Its Sheen: For many today the Lego brand brings back happy childhood memories. The success of world renowned toy manufacturer Lego has always been linked to its physical attributes such as its simplistic but distinctive basic brick design. Its commitment to fostering creative imagination has been its unique brand positioning. Even iconic brands like Lego needs to revitalizeRead MoreMABE Case Final2664 Words   |  11 Pagessucceed in entering Russia market? External Environment Porter’s Five Forces Analysis Rivalry (low): MABE has been the largest manufacturer in Latin America and commands a strong position in the U.S market. In Russian market, Indesit, Bosch-Siemens and LG who produce locally can be a threat to them in terms of rivalry. Power of Suppliers (potentially low): In case of MABE, there is not enough information regarding the suppliers as to which companies supply MABE with the necessary equipment. However consideringRead MoreEssay HM in Fast Fashion: Continued Success?3305 Words   |  14 Pagesthe firm operates. It is important to highlight the factors of the external environment because it is very critical to the success of the firm. PESTEL model and Porter’s 5 Forces (P5F) models will be used to evaluate the external environment of HM. These models will determine how challenging and attractive the environment is for HM. 1. PESTEL PESTEL highlights 6 environmental forces namely political, economic, social, technological, ecological and legal (Johnson, et al. 2014). This model analysesRead MoreCPA case study Essay1820 Words   |  8 Pagesgoods or services) Page 2.5 Dakz Performance sports apparel is into global athletic apparel and footwear industry. Dakz started making compression apparel for triathletes, before quickly diversifying into small production runs of cycling and runin clothes for athletes and active Australians. Dakz has expanded its business into broad range of performance,fitness and compression wear. Q2- How would you determine this industry is global ? To determine if te industry is global – We would considerRead MoreEcco and Turkish Market2882 Words   |  12 Pages| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Preface Ecco is a Danish shoe manufacturer and retailer founded in 1963 by Karl Toosbuy in Bredebro in Denmark. Ecco shoes are sold in more than 90 countries. The company has expanded its operations into markets worldwide. Applying relevant theories, we made a research on how Ecco can be profitable in Turkish market. By doing this project we combined market researchRead MoreDecathlon Strategy3428 Words   |  14 Pages................................................................................ 2 1. Competitive environment ............................................................................................................... 3 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 2. Pestel ....................................................................................................................................... 3 Porter five forces .........................................................................................

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Respiratory Therapist Free Essays

Ms. Paula Weston English 101-57 30 October 2012 In the World of Respiratory Therapy When you graduate high school most of us look forward to going to college and starting a new chapter in our lives. There are many choices of fields to choose from when we enter college. We will write a custom essay sample on Respiratory Therapist or any similar topic only for you Order Now Some of us know right from the start what we want to do and some of us don’t. I have had many ideas of what I might want to pick as my career for the rest of my life. It first started out with wanting to be a teacher, and then it changed to a veterinary technician, and finally with lots of thought and research I have decided I want to be a Respiratory Therapist. I have struggled through many years trying to find the perfect career I wanted to do for the rest of my life. I knew I wanted to do a career in the health care field because I knew it would always be a field that would be around and always in demand. When interviewing Dennis Brown, a Registered Respiratory Therapist, he stated, â€Å"I had always been interested in the medical profession, and the coursework provided me with the flexibility to choose another medical profession if I found respiratory care was not what I believed it to be. (Brown). It hadn’t occurred to me until I was talking with Brown that I could use my background and degree to go into other medical fields if I felt the respiratory field wasn’t the one for me. One reason I have chosen this field is I have always wanted to work with children. I love being around children they are so innocent and have no worries and are always happy go lucky, most of the time. In my research I have found that I could wor k in the neonatal and pediatric care. I would love to help out a child in need and try to my best to help them get better in any way that I could and it would give me a lot of satisfaction and being able to do that every day would all be worth it. Another reason for choosing this field is I could get a job anywhere I go. If I chose to stay in Michigan there are many good hospitals in the area to work at, and even if I chose to move out of state this is the kind of career that I could take with me and I would expect to find a job easier than other careers that are only limited to certain areas. When researching this career I have always wondered if I there were any risks or downfalls to this career path. Of course like any other career there are always good and bad thing to the job. One main thing that has stuck in my mind when researching is health risks to Respiratory Therapist from exposures on the job. â€Å"Respiratory therapists (RTs), through their involvement in the diagnosis, treatment, and care of patients with respiratory and cardiopulmonary disorders, can potentially be exposed to a variety of agents that could impact occupational health. Respiratory hazards that may be encountered in the work environment include aerosolized agents and chemical sensitizers such as glutaraldehyde, which is used to disinfect bronchoscopes. Although there are many types of aerosolized substances, concerns have been found no significant dose-response effect on lung function, although there were increased symptom complaints (ie, chest tightness and shortness of breath) in some of the nurses. (abc) This information has opened my eyes to many things that could happen on any job when exposed to different chemicals. This research has not stopped me from pursuing my career in Respiratory Therapy though. I have just started my journey into getting my degree in the Respiratory Therapy program and so far the courses are easy, but I know the farther I am in the program the harder it will get. There are many positives to way I am choosing this career path and also there are some negatives just like in any other career. I think the satisfaction of being able to help other people will overlook the fact that there might be a chance of risks within my career choice. I plan to stick through my goal of becoming a Respiratory Therapist and push through and struggles that might come along the way to achieve this goal. Work Cited Brown, Dennis. Personal Interview. 25 October 2012 Dimich-Ward, Helen, PhD; Michelle Lee Wymer, BSc; and Moira Chan-Yeung, MB. â€Å"Respiratory Health Survey of Respiratory Therapists† CHEST; Oct2004, Vol. 126 Issue 4, p1048-1053, 6p. How to cite Respiratory Therapist, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Impact of Homelessness on Person’s Health and Wider Community

Question: Explain what homelessness is and how is affects a person's health with a holistic concept of health as well as how it affect the wider community. Answer: Introduction One of the major issues faced by people at large is that of homelessness. This has been a severe issue which suggests the condition of people as without having a regular dwelling. People that are homeless are often faced with the problem of getting adequate residence in spending their day and night time. It is essential that there should be certain place whereby people can take shelter, but these homeless people often finds it difficult to have their own residence. As a result, they have to face with lots of struggles in their daily life. Homelessness is a major issue especially in respect to developing and under developed economies whereby people living below poverty line are many (Bhugra, 2007). The volume of poor people has been significantly higher in such countries and as a result, this problem of homelessness is also witnessed at a greater level. However, the main issue with this problem of homelessness is that there are severe kinds of threats to which people are being exposed . As for instance, the most significant is the health issues to which people are exposed from the issue of homelessness. There can be significant level of impact on the wider community from this problem of homelessness (Cloke and Milbourne, 2012). This report is aimed at analysing the issue of homelessness in detail and this is followed by an assessment of the health issues that are mostly encountered by people from being homeless. A critical assessment of the existing literature is being carried out in order to evaluate the health issues that are faced by people from being homelessness. It is not only the health conditions of people that will be assessed, but there will also be the assessment of the role and impact of homelessness over the wider community at large. Based on the findings from entire analysis, it will be summarised in the conclusion section of this report. Concept of Homelessness An analysis as performed with respect to the concept of homelessness in the existing literature indicates that this has been an important concept that mainly explains the people without home. An analysis indicates that home is identified as a place whereby people can establish social relations with others by way of entertaining them, establishing direct contact and through establishing association with that person. In this context, homeless is identified as people lacking the adequate ability to secure a place for living in spending their day and night time (United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, 2000). A precise definition of homelessness has been provided by Edgar and others, and it is indicated as follows: This implies that homelessness is the state of condition whereby people are without home, and they neither have access to shelter nor the elements of home. The reason being people are homeless is mainly because they do not have accessibility to the sources of earning money. The lack of adequate money deprives them off from managing a place whereby they can take shelter. As a result, these people are often found begging at streets and they also spend their night time at streets. This exposes them to severe level of large number of threats including an adverse impact on their health conditions. People spending their nights on street are also exposed to the risk of losing their lives from cases such as accidents. Thus, homeless is identified as a major issue that needs appropriate level of treatment in ensuring that people can maintain their health standards efficiently and also ensures the right living conditions (Ravenhill, 2012). There has been different explanations being provided r egarding the concept of homelessness across different countries, but the major concept indicates that homelessness is a state whereby people are deprived from having accessibility to appropriate place whereby they can take shelter. Overall, the concept of homelessness indicates that it is a condition whereby people do not have their own residence which forces them to stay over streets. This exposes them directly to the external conditions, and as a result, there are higher overall chances that they are faced with adverse health conditions. Impact of Homelessness on Health Conditions As homelessness being identified as a major problem faced by people, its impact is severe over their health conditions. People need certain basic things in their life such as food, clothing, safety and social connection. However, with the absence of stable housing, they often fails to live efficiently and their basic needs get jeopardise as well. Living on the streets causes significant level of exposure to adverse health conditions and it often leads to their death as well. Good food, a shower and clean change of clothing are basic needs that must be fulfilled by a person. However, lack of accessibility to these factors by the homeless often pushes them towards the threat of adverse health conditions. There are a range of health issues to which they are exposed from facing the issue of homelessness. People experiencing homelessness have higher rates of chronic and acute health conditions. They are best classified as having the worst health conditions in particular, and have the chan ces of increased level of injuries and thereby higher mortality rates (Kryder-Coe, Salamon and Molnar, 1991). People facing the issue of homelessness have to spend their life on streets and this may affect their mental conditions in an adverse manner. A study has been carried out with 902 homeless individual in Batlimore City in 2005 in the form of survey and the conduct of the study has indicated about the inappropriate health conditions as faced by the people living on streets. The people that are faced with this issue of homelessness and are forced to live on streets are exposed to large range of health related issues. It has been evaluated that these people living on streets are faced with communicable diseases such as colds, flu, and tuberculosis. There has also been higher number of people living on streets are faced with the issue of TB outbreaks. Their inaccessibility to appropriate health conditions in particular has contributed towards such threat of TB (Campbell, 1999). The people living on streets are not only exposed to these above identified health issues, but there are various other areas of health concerns to which these street living people are exposed. As for instance, the people that live on street are highly exposed to the threats of hypothermia, frost bite and heat stroke, and these particular issues could contribute towards early death of those people. They may also result into permanent injuries to them. Other major health related problems that are evident with the homelessness people are categorised as the issue of skin and foot disorders, eye diseases including the dental problems, and also lice and other hygiene related conditions. All these problems are caused because these homelessness people do not have accessibility to maintain proper level of cleaning of their body. They do not have access to bathing, and since they cannot protect themselves from the environmental threats, the chances of their health condition being adversely aff ected are higher. People living on streets not only get the appropriate bathing opportunity, but they also lack accessibility to hygienic foods which often affects their health conditions in an adverse manner (Campbell, 1999). Another major study has been conducted in order to assess the impact of homelessness over the health conditions of people and the study was carried out in the form of surveys with 2938 homeless individuals and they were asked about 17 medical conditions. The performance of study has resulted into identification that there are more than 26% of the respondents reported one or more acute infectious conditions, and there are 8% reported one or more of the acute non infectious conditions, and 45% of them have reported one or more chronic health conditions. The impact over the health conditions is identified as negative as there are certain major commonly reported health conditions being faced by the homeless people. These include arthritis/joint problems/rheumatism and problems of high blood pressure, walking problems, handicap limiting mobility, cough or bronchitis, chest infection, cold etc are reported as the most significant health issues encountered by homelessness (Koerner, 1998). The health issues are not only limited to the above identified issues in respect to homeless people, but there are various other problems related to health that are faced by homeless people. An analysis of the existing literature indicates about such problems related to health condition within homeless people. Some of these health issues as identified especially in respect to homeless people are categorised as hypertension, and other heart related disorders, diabetes, liver disease, and HIV/AIDS. All these occurs at higher rates especially in respect to homeless people as compared to the general public because of their higher level of exposure to unhealthy conditions. The findings of the study indicated that diabetes is extremely difficult to manage especially in respect to homeless people because they are highly reliable on the food giveaways and dumpsters as their primary source of meals. These sources involve higher level of starch and fats and as a result, it is highly difficult for the homeless people to remain away from diabetes related problem (DiPietrom, 2008). The chances of homeless people exposed to certain kinds of health related issues are significantly higher. It has been evaluated that the homeless people have higher overall exposure to the issues of mental health and alcohol/drug use problems. Their potential to consume alcohol is significantly higher as compared to normal people which in turn have higher level of impact over their health conditions. Mental illness is identified as a leading issue caused from homelessness. The level of stress faced by the homeless people is significantly higher which can easily exacerbate and prolong mental illness and this in turn impedes the recovery and extending homelessness. The health related problems in the form of injuries and other trauma are highly common especially within the homeless people and this occurs more frequently within such homeless people as compared to other people that are housed poor (Austin and Boyd, 2010). As homeless people do not have their home to sleep, they have to spend their nights on streets which exposes them to risks which are not at all identified in respect to people that are housed properly. An important study by Burt et al (1999) has identified that there has been higher chances of homeless people being assaulted physically and homeless women have higher chances being raped. Issues in the form of violence and trauma are identified especially within homeless and this lead to a two fold increase in the level of depression within them. Because of such higher chances of exposure of homeless people to the health related threats of chronic disease, illness and injuries, there have been higher mortality rates within such homeless persons. This has been a major cause of concern associated especially in respect to the homelessness people, and this necessitates the need for appropriate measures aimed at resolving such issues. The role of governmental aid is crucial especially in re spect to such people suffering homelessness so that they can enhance their standard of living and this in turn would protect them from the health related issues to which they are exposed (Witherbee, 2008). Stress is a major threat to the health performance of individuals and this is identified at a greater level especially within the homeless people. These homeless people are known as having greater level of stress which ultimately results into several other issues to their health performance. As for instance, it has been identified that people suffering from higher level of stress are exposed to other health issues such as the inefficient performance of the immune system, sleep loss is higher especially within homeless people because of additional burden on them in managing their livelihood and no home to rest. The people suffering from the issue of homelessness have four times chances to have asthma problems and they have to spend longer times being hungry. This is mainly because they do not have accessibility to foods for three times a day and all these affect their health conditions at large (DiPietrom, 2008). Overall, the analysis above has indicated about the health related issues that are identified in respect to homeless people. The analysis resulted into identification that health related issues are significantly higher especially in respect to homeless people as compared to normal people and this is mainly because of adverse conditions faced by them. Such higher level of threat of homelessness necessitates the need to undertake active measures aimed at enhancing the conditions of people and their problems can efficiently be resolved. Impact of Homelessness over Wider Community The impact of homelessness over the health performance of such individuals is identified as negative. This section of analysis is now focused towards assessing the impact of such homelessness over the wider community performance. An analysis of the existing literature indicates that there has been negative overall impact of homelessness over wider community. There is significant level of negative impacts that could be evident especially over the entire community from the rise in the number of homeless people in the society. This suggests that the rise in the homeless people in the society results into increase in the number of people taking drugs, rise in the people sleeping on streets, increase in the number of beggars in the society and all these portrays a negative image of the entire society and community at large. The increase in the homelessness people suggests that there has been rise in the poverty levels across the economy, and this is a negative indicator of the performance of entire community (Witherbee, 2008). It is not only the negative impact of homelessness being identified over the wider community in terms of negative image, but there has been adverse overall impact being noted towards the growth and development of the community at large. This is mainly because in order to resolve such issues of homelessness, there has been significant level of resources that have to be spent by the governmental authorities which in turn affects the funding available for the wider community development at large. Homelessness is therefore identified as a crucial issue that impacts the overall growth and development opportunities available to the society and community at large (Allender, Rector and Warner, 2013). It is not only the consumption of resources that has been evident in respect to homeless people, but these homeless people also do not account for any major contribution to the development of society at large. This signifies that they hardly have jobs or any other source of earning revenue and this in turn implies that they do not contribute towards the governmental revenue at large. There is no such contribution of taxation revenue by them, and as a result, the represent a negative overall burden over the performance of the entire community. This suggests that there is economic impact of homelessness over the society at large. There are various homelessness programs that are required to be carried out by the government and other regulatory authorities aimed at reducing this issue because it has a negative overall impact over the society. These initiatives are mainly in terms of services programs for homeless such as arrangement for shelter, day centres, and homeless medical services and so on. These programs account for significant level of consumption of resources, and their resulting impact is direct over the performance of the society at large (Christine, Peter and Vicki, 2013). Overall, the analysis as carried out above has indicated that homelessness is identified as a major problem to the performance of community and entire society at large. The issues are not significant especially in terms of the adverse health performance of the homeless people, but there has been negative impact being indicated by such homelessness over the entire image of the society at large. Conclusion In this report, a critical assessment has been carried out especially in respect to the concept of homelessness and also the various major impact of such homeless factor over the performance of health conditions and the wider community at large. On the basis of performance of the entire analysis, it has been assessed that homelessness is a condition whereby people does not have their own home to take shelter, and they have to spend their days and nights on streets. Homelessness is identified as a major problem and its impact on the health conditions implies that there has been negative overall impact being noted with regard to the health performance. This is mainly because the analysis above has resulted into the identification of large number of issues health issues suffered by such homeless people. It has been assessed that the major health related issues as identified in respect to homeless are mainly in terms of higher mental problems, increasing alcohol and drug abuse, cold, hea rt related problems, diabetes and many more. All these issues are significant and there is higher potential that these issues are identified in respect to the homeless people as compared to normal people. Such adverse impact on the health condition of people from homelessness requires appropriate measures to be considered by the authorities so that the problem can be resolved in a positive manner. The analysis also indicated that the impact of homelessness is negative over the performance condition of the community at large. It represents a negative overall meaning of the homelessness to the entire community performance. 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